Feet & Ankles

We ask a lot of our feet and ankles, so they get a lot of wear and tear over the years and can be prone to injuries and conditions. The OICM is fully equipped with trained surgeons and staff and have the very latest tools and techniques at our disposal.

Feet and ankle problems


This is arthritis of the joint and may be related to family history and/or occur with wear and tear over time.

Traumatic arthritis

This can occur after injury to a joint.

Inflammatory arthritis

Also called rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes the protective cartilage to wear away.


This is a painful condition caused by a buildup of uric acid in your blood (hyperuricemia).


A deformity of a one of the smaller toes, usually resulting in a fixed position that can cause pain and discomfort when wearing tight fitting shoes.

Bone spur

Also called osteophytes, is a bony growth formed on normal bone. It’s usually smooth, but it can cause wear and tear or pain if it presses or nerves or rubs on soft tissues.

Heel spurss

Commonly associated with plantar fasciitis plantar fasciitis


A painful swelling or lump where the big toe meets the foot. It is not a growing bone spur, but an imbalance of the muscles that pull on the big toe, causing it to slip out of place.

Plantar fasciitis

An overuse injury that affects the sole of the foot.

Morton’s neuroma

An enlargement or thickening of a nerve between your toes (usually between the third and fourth toe, that causes pain when you are walking, but subsides when you stop moving.


These are calluses that form on the toes because the bones push up against shoes, putting on the skin.


This is when the foot is malformed at birth and is usually rigidly twisted downward at the ankle.

Diabetic foot

When your feet lose their feeling (from diabetic neuropathy), they are at risk for becoming deformed, injured, or if the diabetes is untreated, even amputated.

Sprains and strains

Sprains are injuries or tears to ligaments. Strains are injuries or tears to muscles.


Pain which may occur in a number of areas of the foot or ankle and which is generally caused by overuse. Most commonly seen in runners

When should you see a doctor?

As with any joints, if pain or stiffness in your toes, ankle, or foot, are keeping you from normal activities, it’s time to see your doctor. Make an appointment if you:

  • Experience severe pain
  • Feel lasting burning, stinging, tingling
  • Have noticeable swelling in your finger, wrist, or elbow joints
  • Find a bump or lump that concerns you
  • Have foot pain walking or using stairs
  • ee your toes changing color, such as blue or red or getting very pale
  • Have stiffness that limits your mobility and/or range of motion
  • If flexion of the ankle in any direction causes pain or seems stiff


There are many conditions, illnesses, and injuries that can happen with your feet or ankles, which means there is a wide variety of treatment and surgical solutions. These will vary greatly, based on your situation. A foot and ankle specialist will, of course, review and diagnose your condition. If noninvasive treatment will not relieve your symptoms, there are surgical procedures that are regularly performed.